Esophageal cancer can develop in any part of the esophagus which is a tube connecting the pharynx to the stomach. Hence, cancer can arise in cervical esophagus which is the part of the esophagus in the neck, in thoracic esophagus which is the part of the esophagus in the chest and the gastro-esophageal junction which is the part of the esophagus which lies in the abdomen and near the stomach.
The location of esophageal cancer can also be determined as upper third, middle third and lower third by dividing the esophagus concerning certain anatomical landmarks. Esophageal Cancer Treatment in Pune is easily available with Dr. Amit Parasnis.
Smoking, tobacco usage, uncontrolled gastroesophageal reflux disease are said to be the etiological factors in the development of esophageal cancer.
Inability or difficulty in swallowing solids, semisolids or liquids, weight loss and change in voice maybe some of the symptoms of esophageal cancer.
An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and biopsy need to be done to determine the location and type of esophageal cancer.After establishing a pathological diagnosis, imaging of the thorax and abdomen in the form of a contrast-enhanced CT scan or PET CT scan needs to be done to determine the local and distant spread of the disease.
Thoraco-laparoscopic surgery for resection of the esophagus along with the affected part and restoration of gastro-intestinal continuity and swallowing with the means of an internally placed gastric tube is the Esophageal Cancer Treatment.
In locally advanced cases, surgical treatment is preceded by neoadjuvant chemotherapy and or radiotherapy.
With the help of advances in surgical techniques and the availability of better variety of treatments and supportive care, control of esophageal cancer can be achieved in a large number of cases.
Dr. Amit Parasnis is a well-trained and experienced cancer surgeon for Esophageal Cancer treatment in Pune who provides rational and ethical treatment for cancer and strives to achieve best oncological outcomes.